International Journal of Economics and Law
Volume 10 | No. 30
MIGRANT CRISIS – LEGAL AND ILLEGAL MIGRATION
The main attention of the author is focused on the migrant crisis that escalated in 2015 in the form of a massive influx of refugees and illegal immigrants from Asia, Africa and the Middle East to European Union countries, and Montenegro’s response to that challenge. The issue of migration management on the European continent has also shown significant differences between the member states of the Union, namely those that have shown readiness and openness to accept migrants, and other members that are trying to build a “wall” on their borders. Unlike the mentioned current trends in Europe, Montenegro has taken a responsible approach in dealing with migrant challenges, which requires effective coping with the complex task of maintaining border security, while providing adequate conditions for persons seeking international protection. Starting from that, the paper will, in addition to theoretical and normative examples, list some practical aspects of the considered issues.
NATIONAL CRIME AGENCY-NCA
In this paper, the author, in addition to reviewing the existing police organization in the UK and reviewing reform measures within the security sector, paid special attention to the analysis of facts that contributed to the formation of the National Anti-Crime Agency. He states that the NCA is the central, umbrella agency for the fight against crime, with the task of creating a unified picture of criminal activities on the entire territory of Great Britain, to analyze the manifestations of crime and to propose measures for its suppression, which is its intelligence function. However, it also has the task of coordinating work, investigations and improving methods of fighting all types of crime, which are its operational-executive and scientific-research functions. Through the NCA, as well as through its predecessor SOCA, international cooperation is carried out. The author points out the fact that in addition to executive police powers and the right to exercise their powers throughout the UK, the Director General of the agency is given authority, which in fact sets the NCA as a hierarchical central agency in the fight against serious and organized crime, to order any police chief in the United Kingdom to assist the agency in its work.
In the end, the author concludes that the formation of the NCA is the adequate response to modern forms of crime, which, along with terrorism and corruption, are one of the most dangerous non-military security threats.
THE RIGHT OF FOREIGNERS TO ACQUIRE MOVABLE AND IMMOVABLE PROPERTY IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
The authors in this paper give an overview of the legislative solution to the regulation of the legal problem of acquiring property in the presence of the element of foreignness in the subject, by the acquirer. Special attention is paid to the notion of reciprocity as a basic condition for acquiring real estate, and the mechanisms in practice that are applied in order to determine it from the point of view of origin and content. After introductory speeches on the concept of a foreigner, the content and function of property, the authors place special emphasis on the problem of acquiring real estate both inter vivos and mortis causa in our country. Pointing to the positive legal solution, they give recommendations for the future actions of the bodies, but also recommendations for future legislative solutions.
THE EUROPEAN UNION TEN YEARS AFTER THE LISBON TREATY
Lisabonskim Ugovorom, koji je stupio na snagu 1. decembra 2009. godine, učinjene su značajne promene u formalnoj institucionalnoj strukturi Evropske unije. Naime, već postojeći sistem sačinjen od tri stuba je ukinut i izvršene određene promene koje se odnose na formalne institucije Unije pre svega uvrštenjem Evropske centralne banke i Saveta u red glavnih organa, uvođenjem funkcije Visokog predstavnika za spoljnu politiku, ali i mogućnost da se na osnovu Ugovora uspostave i druge institucije. I danas, deset godina nakon usvajanja Lisabonskog ugovora, praćena stalnim procesima reformi u izvesnom smislu uslovnjena krizama regionlanog i globalnog karaktera Evropska unija ostaje organisacija „sui generis“ sa tendencijom konstituisanja sopstvenog suvereniteta u onom obimu koji je potreban da bi u institucionalnom i operativnom smuslu bila funkcioanlna.
FURTHER IMPLICATIONS OF BOHM’S WHOLENESS AND IMPLICATE ORDER CONCEPT ON THEORIES OF FINANCE
This paper discusses and develops the prospects of quantum finance from a Bohmian point of view. Discussed is an ontological interpretation of quantum theory, and such ontology is extended to include economics and finance. At first, we discuss the more general relevance of quantum theory to economics and finance. The basic assumption is that because Bohm’s interpretation of quantum theory emphasizes the role of wholeness, it might be relevant to economics and finance, where fragmentation is a major characteristic of these domains. We then discuss the role of financial information in economic and finance, and consider specific connections with quantum theory in this field. In particular, we apply David Bohm’s notion of active information, which arises in his ontological interpretation of quantum theory. It is here suggested, also by expanding Shannon’s theory, that active information can play a fundamental business role as the bridge between economic theory and financial practice. Some such bridge is needed if we are to understand how subtle financial properties are able to influence more manifest business properties in companies (all the way to microeconmics and potentially at deeper business levels), and how changes in those possibly quantum‐level business processes are able to influence higher financial planning functions. We also consider the implications of the notion of active information for financial derivatives. The potentialities of implementing the Bohmian scheme in quantum finance and connections with other laws are then briefly considered. Finally, we draw conclusions on interconnectedness between wholeness and implicate order and activation of financial information.