International Journal of Economics and Law
Volume 8 | No. 23
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN HEALTHCARE AND THE ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS OF SCHOOL OF APPLIED HEALTH STUDIES
Lazar Janić, Dejan Mitrašinović
School of Applied Health Studies, Belgrade, 254 Cara Dusana St, Zemun
The paper analyses the offer of formal education of professional health care workers in Serbia, which will create value for health sector organisations in future. Also, the work through the primary research of the author represents the satisfaction of the students of undergraduate and specialist studies with the quality of the School of applied health studies, its programmes of study, teaching processes and pedagogical work of teachers and associates, as well as their perception of quality.
MEDIATION IN MONTENEGRO AND SPECIFICITIES OF THE MONTENEGRIN MENTALITY
College of Communication, Belgrade
Lazar Janić, Anđelka Lazarević
School of Applied Health Studies, Belgrade
The Montenegrin society is characterised by numerous grounds for conflict: stereotypes, prejudices, established patterns of behaviour, accentuated masculinity, the cult of motherhood, multiethnic and multiconfessional tensions, most of which are due to cultural patterns, but also the breakup of the SFRY, wars in the environment, economic crisis, external influences and transition. Society in the decades-long period of active awaiting, insecurity and uncertainty is largely impoverished and divided between the elite and others. The paper outlines the principles of mediation in Montenegro within the framework of marital mediation and emphasises the issue of gender relations.
ANALYSIS OF THE PENSION SYSTEM OF REGIONAL ECONOMY
Faculty of Business Economics and Entrepreneurship Belgrade, Serbia
Faculty of Strategic and Operational management, University „Union-Nikola Tesla”, Belgrade, Serbia
The Faculty of Economics, University of Nis, Serbia
Under the pension system, there are legal mechanisms for exercising the rights from pen¬sion insurance with one, as well as economic mechanisms for obtaining funds to enable the exercise of rights from pension insurance, on the other.The pension system is very important for every country from a social, economic and financial point of view. Pension constitutes a periodic receipt by a retired person after the son of a pension insurance. This fee can be paid in the form of annuity, monthly, quarterly, semiannual or annual, in the form of a flat rate or mixed.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITHIN SMALL OPERATORS
Safety & Compliance Monitoring Manager, ICAR AIR Ltd, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Faculty for Strategic and Operational Management, University Union-Nikola Tesla, Belgrade, Serbia
Faculty of Business Economics and Entrepreneurship, Belgrade, Serbia
This paper presents the safety management system for small air carriers. Safety manage¬ment system is a crucial process in the establishment of the operator itself and in defining its perfor¬mance targets. In order to understand safety management, it is necessary to consider what is meant by safety. Depending on one‘s perspective, the concept of aviation safety may have different connotations. Depending on the perspective of the observers, the aviation security concept may have different connotations. It is not possible to achieve 100% security level. It is not possible to guarantee absolute security for both individual and systemic human activities. Security should be classified as a “common culture” of behavior within the operator itself. There must be a clear line between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. Properly designed and objectively tailored, Safety Management System should enable an op¬erator to identify hazards well in advance, implement mitigating measures and to reduce a risk, which hasn’t even occurred yet, to a level, certainly acceptable for an operator.
THE NATIONAL VALUES, INTERESTS AND OBJECTIVES
Faculty of Business Studies and Law of the University „Union – Nikola Tesla” in Belgrade
The first and so far the only National Security Strategy of the Republic of Serbia was passed in 2009. This document, according to the reputation of the modern countries of the world, was made in conditions that characterized the position and aspirations of Serbia at that moment. Recently, the Ministry of Defense has published a Draft National Security Strategy and invited the scientific and professional public to a public debate on the draft. This work is the original author’s approach to the concepts of national values, interests and goals, or seeing what the Draft Strategy should change in relation to the presentation of these terms.
CALCULATION OF THE PRICE OF CEREALS ON SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED FARMS IN VOJVODINA
Faculty of Business Studies and Law, University “Union – Nikola Tesla”, Belgrade
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad
Faculty of Business Studies and Law, University „Union – Nikola Tesla”, Belgrade
The main goal of the study is to use scientific methods to provide insight into all the costs and expenditures arising from cereal production on farms in Vojvodina. The costs include direct (individual) costs, such as production materials and mechanical works, and indirect (general) costs, such as property taxes and insurance. The paper deals with the costs calculated with the rent, the costs calculated without rent, 10-year increase in cereals yield, 10-year price increase, the increase of pari¬ties for production materials and combine harvesting, deterioration of business conditions and other factors that affect the profitability of conducting business in this sector of crop production. The subject of this study is price calculation on farms in Vojvodina in the period from 2007 to 2017. In order to ac¬complish the task of the study it was necessary to apply different methodological procedures, including the following methods: analytical-synthetic method, abstraction and concretization, generalization and specialization, comparison and classification, generalization and statistical methods. The paper aims to provide a theoretical and practical contribution in defining long-term directions in production on farms in Vojvodina.
INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN THE STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCHOOL
Marija N. Grbović
Faculty of Management, Sremski Karlovci, Serbia
The improvement of business efficiency is directly dependent on the quality of management of information and knowledge. Adequate knowledge management should help ensure that all available and relevant professional and scientific achievements regarding a particular problem are successfully collected, processed and distributed. The paper Information and knowledge management in the strategy for the development of school sports, examines the relationship between the current state of the functions of the sports system and the education system. A comparative analysis covering strategic and legal documents, documents on school sports and actual practices has been performed to review the application of modern information and knowledge in the field of school sports. There is significant knowledge, as well as research results that have not been exploited so far, which may serve as a basis for the implementation of new ways of managing sports, as well as novelties in the applica¬tion of innovative knowledge and adequate information management in the field school sports. Based on this study, a proposal has been formulated to involve more actively highly-qualified professionals in the domain of education and sports, so that their knowledge may contribute to the improvement in the management and advancement of school sports in Serbia.
HIGH-ENERGY INTENSITY PROBLEMS IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Faculty of Finance, Banking and Auditing – „Alfa BK” University, Belgrade, Serbia
Energy efficiency is crucial to ensuring a safe, affordable, reliable and sustainable energy system and is an important component of all efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GGE). It is also the fastest and cheapest way to solve energy, environmental and economic problems and challenges. In the context of facing increasing demand for energy, unstable prices, energy supply disruptions and environmental issues, the European Union (EU) has set ambitious energy saving targets of 20% by 2020 and of 30% by 2030, by directing its energy efficiency measures towards those sectors where there is the greatest potential for savings. The energy sector is one of the areas of strategic importance for the future development of the Republic of Serbia (RS). Bearing in mind that Serbia is a candidate country for EU membership, the strategic direction of its energy sector development is largely determined by the undertaken international obligations, with a special emphasis on the Energy Community membership and the EU accession process. In this sense, the country has accepted the obligations related to increasing energy efficiency. The paper analyses the relative and absolute energy intensity trends in order to determine the general trend and dynamics of energy efficiency in Serbia in the period from 1990 to 2015. The paper points out that Serbia, in terms of energy intensity, is lagging behind many EU countries, as well as for some in the region, and gives recommendations for taking measures that would increase energy efficiency in the country.
THE FUTURE OF WORK IN THE LIGHT OF TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE
University of Maribor, Faculty of Organizational Science, Slovenia
HIT d.d., Casinó, Korona & Hotel, Slovenia
Technological unemployment, a phenomenon that has been relevant for decades, is now reaching a new dimension. There is a growing number of discussions about whether technology is the main culprit for the rising trend of unemployment rates around the world, therefore, the paper dis¬cusses the impact of technological changes on the labour market. We conducted a survey in Slovenian companies with more than 100 employees in order to find out their view on replacing workers with technology, as well as the reasons and consequences of new technology. We discussed the results of our research and the views, findings and suggestions of various authors. We have found that technological unemployment is not a simple problem, as this phenomenon is intertwined with various issues, and that technology presents various dangers which may at first seem less visible.
MARKETING RESEARCH OF POTENTIALS OF SPA TOURISM IN SERBIA
„Serbian Railways” Jsc. Belgrade
Milena Ilić, Lidija Miletić
Information Technology School – ITS, Belgrade
In modern conditions of business tourism is an extremely important economic activity, as it has numerous positive effects on national economies. It affirms the development of regions and lo¬calities, and what is particularly important, in the conditions of the global problems of most countries with a large number of unemployed, is employed by the local population, mainly young and educated people. Tourism of the Republic of Serbia has great potential, given the natural resources and geopo¬litical position of the state. The paper presents the marketing research of the spa tourism potential of the Republic of Serbia, as well as the possibilities of its regional and global (re) positioning. Within the conducted research, the needs, wishes and opinions of two groups of foreign tourists – respondents: Russian – 160 and German – 240, were analysed in the period from 20 March 2016 to April 15, 2017, which were beneficiaries of spa tourism services of the Republic of Serbia. The results of the conducted research provided information of significance for the development of both the spa and the entire tour¬ism of the Republic of Serbia. Foreign users of Serbian spa services: mostly older people (although there are not a small number of young people) with some type of illness (most cardiovascular and spondylo¬sis); Numerous additional spa and out-of-premises facilities are expected; They want a healthy nature and a peaceful environment; The best source of information about a particular tourist destination for them is its personal stay and recommendations from friends; There are Serbian spas with which they are more, less or even at least familiar; The main reason for the arrival of foreign tourists are high quality of thermal water, prices of spa services and healthy climate; And all of these things should be a significant guide in the design and implementation of the policy of further development of Serbian spas, and the creation of a competitive marketing strategy.
ONE VIEW OF A BASE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ISSUES TO INDUSTRIAL WASTE TREATMENT MANAGEMENT
Milun Kokanović, Ivana Ilić, Radoljub Tomić
Faculty of Strategic and Operational Management, Belgrade, Serbia
The paper presents the research framework of questions, models and possible solutions that should be taken into account in order to define and establish an integrated system for managing industrial hazardous and inert waste generated in the process of industrial production of facilities-products, processing and techno-metallurgical treatment of materials. Here, a specific case was ana¬lyzed regarding the IHP „Prva petoletka” HCO – Trstenik (PPT), in the period when the company operated according to market principles and generated revenues and profits. So, everything has been real here, at the level of perceiving the concrete situation of a company that operates and exists in a real environment. The established ecological policy and ecological goals had been evidenced. Process algorithms are presented with appropriate activities at the level of management of solid hazardous and inert waste, wastewater and management of used oils that represent hazardous waste – a valuable raw material. Reporting of the waste to the Recycling Agency is the significant thing at implementation of waste management in the Republic of Serbia in order to protect the environment and implement the provisions of the Basel Convention in our country. An industrial landfill in a sanitary-utility landfill in Trstenik is a dumped waste that could not be recycled and reused. Waste management in the PPT has been carried out yet as responsibly 25 years ago according to the specifics of the company and the requirements of the legislation. In the meantime, the system has maintained and upgraded in line with observed irregularities and changes in legal acts.