International Journal of Economics and Law
Volume 9 | No. 26
MODERN FORMS OF HIGH-TECH FRAUD IN THE FUNCTION OF MONEY LAUNDERING
Modern technological resources, availability of modern technology and rapid progress in the field of high technology, have enabled its wide distribution and usability. Today almost no households exist in almost all parts of the world, where there is not even one PC, as well as other related technological equipment. Consequently, given these facts, there are more and more cases of abuse of modern technological tools, which are becoming more and more popular with criminal organizations, which recognize the advantages of this modern equipment. Technical and technological frauds, which are the subject of this paper, are used to secure unlawfully acquired material benefits, which then, through money laundering, invest in various legal affairs. Many cases of computer fraud, money theft, the abuse of plastic money, bank fraud, which resulted in huge material losses from one, and the acquisition of unlawful property gain on the other side, have been discovered. Prewar are mainly used by younger and technically literate people from the poorer parts of the world, who are highly ranked by education. Their profile is not characteristic of the perpetrator of the crime, because they have their high knowledge in the field of modern technologies materializing through computer fraud and hacking.
THE FUTURE OF DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR FOSSIL FUELS
In this work, the author analyzes the possibility of using renewable energy sources, ie natural potential, in order to achieve an adequate level of energy supply. In accordance with fact that, in the field of energy, experts lead energy policy which is based on more rational use of existing energy sources, as well as on finding alternative sources of energy. This is the reason of why is important to research this theme both of the theoretical and the practical sides. Of course, the implementation of these measures involves large investments. The main point of using this measureses should be preventing total disappearance of fossil fuels and reduce pollution of the environment
EDUCATION FOR INNOVATION IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Modern Elementary School represents the basic level of institutional education and upbringing in the environment and in which it exists. As such, it should be an integral part of its environment and keep up with time. This paper discusses the position of primary school in our country in relation to the countries of the European Union and beyond i.e. how far away we are from our environment and how far we keep up with innovations in elementary education in Europe, which innovations are introduced to our elementary schools and in what way. A survey was presented with aim to examine the attitudes of primary school pupils of final grades about how much and in what areas they were trained for innovation during schooling. Based on the survey of 100 elementary school pupils from the area of Surcin, obtained results show that elementary school students consider that they are not educated enough for innovation.
THE SPECIFITIES OF STRATEGIC CHANGES MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPED MARKET ECONOMIES
In the conditions of global progress in technics, technology, communications and interconnection of business entities, globally, it is understandable that in the search of databases, the analysis of scientific and professional literature, the first approach immediately indicates that for the developed countries it is a key feature – maximizing the use of knowledge and putting into the forefront adequate management competencies, which, in turbulent conditions, educates and improves not only managers but also all employees through special, additional programs. A new resource of power and success is knowledge, not labor, land or financial capital. This resource is an invisible intellectual property that must be managed. The key challenge for a knowledge-based economy is to encourage information. Increasing knowledge, as an asset, is evident in transforming and creating additional value of the product. Finding ways to manage materials and assets is the biggest gain.
CREDIT RISK AND STRATEGIC RISK IDENTIFICATION IN FINANCING OF SOCIAL ENTERPRISES – EXAMPLE FROM GERMANY
In this paper author is presenting the origins of credit risk and strategic risks arising in social and environmental enterprises through two case studies of such enterprises from Germany. First case study covers risks origin of a special purpose vehicle company from Berlin whose project aim is to construct a building that will host several socially oriented companies. Second example is researching strategic and credit risks of a socially oriented company that facilitates inter-generational finance of studies in private universities in Germany.
Non-litigation proceedings are a special type of civil court proceedings that are tailored to the specific characteristics of civil-law relationships that are discussed and decided in that procedure. By non-litigation procedure we mean a set of procedural norms that govern the actions of the civil court and the participants in resolving the so-called extra-judicial matters. Non-litigation proceedings do not resolve disputes in substantive matters. Disputes shall be settled by the court in civil proceedings. There is no general non-litigation procedure. The law regulates special procedures in various non-litigation matters. Non-litigation proceedings do not constitute a single procedural whole because it is not a single procedure, but a number of different procedures. The entities in the non-litigation procedure are the court and the parties to the non-litigation procedure (proposer and counter-proposer, participants).
SAFETY MANAGEMENT PROCES IN CIVIL AVIATION
In the implementation of aviation regulations in the field of civil aviation in the EU region or individual regions, we are facing various problems that need to be successfully overcome. It is necessary to realize that the EU space is part of a global civil airspace where it is necessary to follow the global standards that we implement in the aviation field. The holders (individual countries) entering civil aviation have a diverse degree of development of aviation regulations, and aviation security is, however, globally our common asset. The purpose of the paper is to identify key safety factors, systematically display sectoral regulations and analyse civil aviation regimes. In the paper, scientific and professional literature in the field of civil aviation and regulations in the field of civil aviation has been analysed with the aim of further surveys of civil aviation safety management. Based on the analysis, we find that aviation regulations, their implementation and, consequently, civil aviation control have a significant impact on the safety of civil aviation. The usefulness of the analyses collected will help further research and deepen the content of civil aviation security. By collecting, sorting, reviewing and analysing the relevant literature (especially the regulations that represent the conditions for aviation safety management), the purpose of placing the basic notion of aviation and regulations has been achieved. This establishes a uniform starting point for further research work.
SUSTAINABLE UNIVERSITIES AS INNOVATION CENTERS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
In the higher education system in the Republic of Serbia, there is a relatively large number of young people studying, but a very small percentage of those who complete their studies within a time frame that can be considered useful and acceptable to society (8-10% of the total enrolled). Overall, today’s education system is unsustainable, not efficient enough, and lacks quality outcomes at all levels. The consequence is a low general education level, a high percentage of dropout rates at all levels of education, a large outflow of trained staff abroad, a lack of quality assurance standards, rigid and outdated programs, and a lack of complex and contemporary skills required in the education process. In this sense, the term education for sustainable development means not only the application of sustainable development content into the education system, but also a new education system that supports the knowledge-based economy and is a necessary prerequisite for the sustainable development of society as a whole. Education should integrate the knowledge and methods of finding the best techniques and methods in all spheres of human life, providing the conditions necessary for the application of interdisciplinary principles of sustainable development with greater involvement of the civil sector