International Journal of Economics and Law
Volume 9 | No. 27
CERTAIN ASPECTS OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Ivanka R. Gajić
The article presents theoretical background of social entrepreneurship as well as the case study of social economy network in Serbia. In the scientific literature, social entrepreneurship is considered a means of creating socially significant well-being. It is a relatively new independent field of research; which focus is on social action and its results and participants in social structure and economic system. One of the main features of social entrepreneurship that differentiates it from others is that it prioritizes the construction of a social product over profit and uses social and economic innovation to achieve social well-being.
THE UNREMOVED CONSEQUENCES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR – CAUSES OF THE NEW SUFFERING OF THE SERBIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH
The non-elimination of the consequences of occupation in some parts of Yugoslavia in World War II, as well as preventing and obstructing from the Yugoslav state the elimination of the consequences of the war suffering of the Serbian Orthodox Church, will prevent and disable the Church in certain parts of its canonical territory and endanger, destroy and confiscate its property. This will then lead to a new suffering of the Serbian people, while putting the legal successor state of Yugoslavia to additional temptations. Non-return of property to the Serbian Church will be especially in favor of secessionist forces that threaten the territorial integrity of Serbia.
COMPETITIVENESS OF NATIONAL ECONOMIES ACCORDING TO THE CONCEPT OF THE WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM AND LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
The topic of the research is the competitiveness of national economies according to the World Economic Forum (WEF), on the one hand, and the productivity of these same economies on the other. The detailed concept, definition and methodology of measuring competitiveness are presented, as well as different understandings of macroeconomic productivity and methods of its measurement. Everything was done in order to determine the connection between these phenomena and check the basic WEF setting that competitiveness determines productivity. The analysis uses the current data of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and The Global Competitiveness Report 2019. From the point of view of measurement, one of the variable ordinal (position) and the other type Scale for testing the hypothesis will be used test. The SPSS software package will be used for data processing. The obtained result unequivocally indicates that strong conditionality of the position of the economy on the ranking of competitiveness with the achieved results in productivity has been confirmed. This knowledge is worthy in terms of promoting the high value and importance of the competitiveness of national economies by the concept of WEF. Thus, it can be concluded that if the productivity of the entire economy is to be improved, the most reliable way is to build a more competitive economy.
SELF-EDUCATION OF EMPLOYEES IN MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS
When it comes to self-education, it usually refers to either the self-activity that defines it or the social context in which the individual and self-education coexist. According to Šefika Alibabić’s definition, self-education is “socially and personally conditioned activity of an individual with the aim of acquiring and expanding and enriching knowledge, skills and developing abilities, with the possibility to do it completely independently or with instructive assistance”. In this paper the author deals with the self-education of medical professionals. The paper is divided into two parts: theoretical and empirical. The theoretical part is about self-education. The empirical study included 8 medical organizations with a total of 60 respondents employed in them. Concluding considerations are provided at the end of the paper.
ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF THE USE OF SOLAR ENERGY FOR THERMAL AND ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN THE CITY OF NIS
The world is facing the depletion of natural fuels such as coal and natural gas for electricity generation and the increasing demand for electricity. In this situation, everyone is looking for unconventional, renewable energy resources such as solar and wind energy, etc. The Earth receives solar energy in the form of solar radiation, which contains ultraviolet, visible and infrared radiation. The amount of solar radiation that reaches any location depends on several factors such as geographical location, time of day, season, volume of land, and local time. The Republic of Serbia, compared to other European countries, has an average of 40% higher solar radiation during the year, while Nis, Kursumlija and Vranje have the highest potential for the use of solar energy in southern Serbia. Since the city of Nis belongs to the group of cities in Serbia that have the highest potential for solar energy use, the subject of this paper will be the economic and environmental aspects of using solar energy to generate thermal and electrical energy on the territory of the city of Nis.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF SERBIA’S EU ACCESSION
Given the current development and the current rural situation in Serbia, the priority issue of prosperous rural, but also overall, development is the revitalization (revitalization, reconstruction), rural settlements and territories. Revitalization can be defined as a set of planned (continuous and intermittent) measures, interventions and actions initiated at different levels – national (national, republic), regional, subregional and local (municipal), aimed at mobilization and rational spatial organization in the function of market oriented exploitation of natural, demographic and material (production) resources of rural settlements and their administrative and functionally related territories (spatially-influential spheres).This paper endeavours to research the possibilities of agricultural development in the light of the Republic of Serbia EU accession.